Maintaining good heart and blood vessel health is important for everyday life, as well as protecting against heart disease in the future
Cardiovascular or heart disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and is in fact an umbrella term for all conditions affecting the heart muscle and blood vessels. Specific cardiovascular disease includes conditions such as:
Symptoms of cardiovascular disease include:
Cardiovascular disease is now understood to be largely preventable and in most cases cardiovascular conditions can be completely prevented or significantly reduced with a healthy diet and active lifestyle. There are a number of factors that contribute to an increased risk of heart disease, including:
Although it is not possible to control some of these factors, most can be manipulated to significantly reduce the likelihood of developing CVD. For those with a family history of CVD or an inherited CVD condition, it is still possible to reduce the severity and mortality risk associated with your condition by following the same risk reduction advice as for people wishing to prevent CVD altogether. If you are unsure of what is best for you to do in order to reduce your risk of having a CVD event, seek help from your GP or healthcare practitioner.
In order to reduce your risk of CVD it is recommended that you:
The overwhelming evidence for the benefits of omega-3s means that supplementing with omega-3s is an important addition to a healthy diet for anyone wishing to reduce their risk of heart disease
It is now recognised that some of the cardioprotective benefits associated with fish oil relate specifically to EPA, as EPA is not only effective in reducing elevated triglyceride levels but it also reduces inflammation and, unlike DHA, has favourable effects on total cholesterol (DHA supplements can increase LDL cholesterol).
The benefits of EPA in cardiovascular health management also extend to the prevention of secondary cardiovascular events. Individuals who have had a previous heart attack can significantly reduce their chances of experiencing further ‘events’ by supplementing daily with 1-2g EPA.
Elevated levels of circulating total homocysteine are a well-documented risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Decreasing homocysteine levels in the blood directly reduces risk of both myocardial infarction and stroke. A rise in homocysteine levels of just 5 mmol/L increases the risk of coronary heart disease by approximately 20%. Levels of homocysteine in the blood are directly inﬂuenced by levels of the B vitamins folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 and low levels of these vitamins directly contribute to elevated homocysteine.
The role of homocysteine in the development of CVD is not fully understood, although it is well established that homocysteine plays a role in increasing damage and cell death of cells lining the blood vessels. Homocysteine also appears to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis via a number of mechanisms, including:
Homocysteine is also thought to contribute indirectly to cellular stress, which may worsen already altered cholesterol and triglyceride levels, further contributing to CVD risk. In addition, homocysteine appears to increase blood thickness and thus promote blood clot formation.
Supplementing with the B vitamins needed to efficiently recycle homocysteine back into its health-promoting products has been shown to reduce homocysteine levels and can thereby help reduce associated health risks
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a natural antioxidant synthesised by the body from the same molecules used to make cholesterol. CoQ10 is also consumed in the diet by eating animal protein and some seed and nut oils, but dietary consumption contributes only a low amount to total CoQ10 unless organ meats are regularly consumed. CoQ10 is also available as a supplement, where it comes in two forms: ubiquinol, the active antioxidant form, and ubiquinone, the oxidised form, which the body converts to ubiquinol.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is essential for energy production (in the form of ATP) and is heavily involved in heart function – in particular, heart muscle contraction and the movement of important molecules into the heart cells (through ATP dependent channels). The heart is particularly sensitive to low CoQ10 levels and the subsequent reduction in energy production capacity – a factor considered to contribute to heart disease. Consistently low levels of CoQ10 are observed in CVD patients and increasing intake of this nutrient may help protect against cardiovascular events.
CoQ10, in its ubiquinol form, is a powerful antioxidant that also plays an important role in regenerating other antioxidants, including vitamin E, vitamin C and lipoic acid. Its ability to quench free radicals helps to protect against cell damage and reduce oxygen damage to fat molecules such as cholesterol. LDL oxidation is an important contributor to the development of atherosclerosis.
Supplementing with CoQ10 in the form of ubiquinol will help replenish any deficiencies in CoQ10 observed in CVD patients, statin users and older people and offers a number of potential protective effects to help support cardiovascular health.
(Please note: if you are taking cardiovascular medication, make sure you let your doctor know that you intend to take this supplementation. You might be on anticoagulant medication such as warfarin, and your doctor may need to reduce your anticoagulant dose as the benefits of EPA start to come through.)
Pharmepa RESTORE super-strength wild anchovy omega-3 fish oil is ultra-pure and extremely potent. Containing pharmaceutical-grade 90% EPA concentrate, it is triple the strength of an ordinary fish oil.
Each box provides a 30 day supply at a daily dosage of 2 capsules.
Echiomega Vegetarian Omega
Echiomega echium seed oil is a complete source of omega-3-6-9 good fats. Its unique content of ALA & SDA boosts levels of the important omega-3 EPA 60% more than other plant oils such as flaxseed. By supporting EPA and DHA levels this supplement offers brain, heart and eye health benefits.
Each box provides a 1-month supply at a daily dosage of 2 capsules.
Rapid-action VESIsorb® Ubiquinol-QH is the most advanced Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplement available. Its fast-track patented VESIsorb®delivery system ‘pre-digests’ ubiquinol for unprecedented absorption, higher blood plasma levels and up to 6x longer-lasting action.
Product contents: 30 capsules (1-month supply at a dosage of 1 capsule daily).
Super B Complex
Super B-Complex high potency Vitamin B complex tablets contain a synergistic blend of 8 highly bioavailable B-vitamins with vitamin C to provide comprehensive energy support. The folate and vitamins B6 and B12 in Super B-Complex are in their most active forms and at dosages scientifically shown to maintain healthy homocysteine levels.
Each product contains 60 tablets, providing a 1-month supply at a daily dosage of 2 tablets.
Echiomega Vegetarian Omega